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DARIAH Conference 2020

DARIAH Virtual Annual Event 2020: Scholarly Primitives

October 7, 2020December 2, 2020

Blog published on DARIAH website :

Virtual | Papers and poster sessions: November 10-13, 2020 

Workshops, Synergy sessions and Working Group meetings: October 7 – December 2 (weekly sessions)

Topic of this year’s event is Scholarly Primitives.

Twenty years after John Unsworth first formulated scholarly primitives as a set of recursive and interrelated functions that form the foundations of research activities across disciplines, theoretical frameworks or eras, the event will be an opportunity to revisit and freshly interrogate both the notion and the scope of scholarly primitives. To what extent does this particular set of scholarly primitives still correspond to our understanding of what humanities scholars do on a day-to-day basis? Has our understanding of research workflows changed over time significantly enough to require a new classification?

To register, please log in to find all information:

Keynote speakers 

We are happy to announce that this year’s event will feature two keynote speeches by John Unsworth (University of Virginia).

Claire Clivaz

Claire Clivaz is Head of Digital Humanities+ at SIB, Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, Lausanne (CH). She is leading projects in DH and New Testament. This blog presents the activities of the group DH+.

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Regular news also on

25 May 2021, Rencontres Huma-Num 2021 online : Claire Clivaz, “Le projet FNS MARK16 comme exemple d’interaction entre la recherche fondamentale et la gestion des données sur Nakala”,

1-2 June 2021, LECTIO 10th anniversary, Leuven University, online: Claire Clivaz, “From manuscript to performance : the New Testament edition and transmission in the digital culture”;

22-24 Septembre 2021: EADH 2021 conference online:                 Claire Clivaz, Mina Monier and Jonathan Barda, “The MARK16 Manuscript Room API” (short paper);

2-3 June 2022, second MARK16 online conference:  “The Transmission of Mark’s Endings in Different Traditions and Languages”, org. by Claire Clivaz (DH+, SIB), Mina Monier (DH+, SIB) and Dan Batovici (ULouvain & Leuven University). Call for papers until the 31.10.21:

Past events:

23 April 2021, Leuven University online at 4pm: Claire Clivaz, ““The conclusio brevior of the Gospel according to Mark: a neglected point in research”.

12 February 2021 – Lausanne, Rotary Club, 11h30-12h30 : Claire Clivaz, «D’un livre papier à un océan de manuscrits : le Nouveau Testament au coeur de la révolution numérique». La conférence en présence a été remplacée par une conférence en ligne.

22 January 2021 – Online, Paris, IPT: Claire Clivaz, “La finale de Marc 16 et ses vies multiples: un évangile aux frontières du canon”. Interdisciplinary master and PhD teaching week, Paris, Montpellier, Rome.

16 December 2020 9h – Online, Copenhagen University (DK): online course (org. Heike Omerzu): Claire Clivaz, “The Gospel of Mark endings and Digital Humanities”.

1st December 2020 at 8.15pm: IIIF Fall Working meeting lightening talks:  Jonathan Barda & Claire Clivaz, “The MARK16 Manuscript Room API”. Video of the talk on the IIIF YouTube channel: Program and registration:

Novembre 2020: MARK 16 and the DARIAH WG RDM

Since some months, Claire Clivaz participates to the DARIAH WG “research data management” for biblical studies data and the SNSF project MARK16. The working group is co-lead by Erszébeth Tóth-Czifra and Marta Błaszczyńska. It has as purpose to join requirements of diverse fields in Humanities and research data management. MARK16 is proud to participate to this WG for the data in biblical studies.

16 October 2020 17h30 (CET time)  – Duke University (USA):  online NT seminar (org. Brittany Wilson, Jennifer Knust & Mark Goodacre) : Claire Clivaz, «The digital SNSF project MARK16: new elements on Mark’s shorter ending in Codex Bobiensis and beyond». Online attendance on Zoom is possible: please contact Brittany Wilson (Duke University) to get the link until the 15th October:

September output:

  • A new eTalk has been published, by Kara J. Lyons-Pardue, “eTalk on Gospel Women and the Long Ending of Mark”,
  • Claire Clivaz, “Mk 16 im Codex Bobiensis. Neue Einsichten zur Textgeschichte des kurzen Markusschlusses”, Zeitschrift für Neues Testament, Heft 47, 24. Jg. 2021, forthcoming.
  • Clivaz, Claire. “New Testament and Digital Humanities”, Verkündigung und Forschung 65 (2020/2), p. 98-104.

10-11 September 2020 – Lausanne:

Our conference has started and we are proud to welcome all our colleagues online ! Information:

Claire Clivaz, Mina Monier and Jonathan Barda (SIB, Lausanne), “Mark16 as a VRE: challenges and opportunities”; conference «Virtual Research Environments and Ancient Manuscripts», org. Claire Clivaz (SIB, Lausanne) and Garrick Allen (Dublin University).  Either physical or virtual, or both together, the conference will happen; online attendance: please contact Announcement in French on the DH center UNIL-EPFL  website. Complete English program:

1st September 2020: The Alpha version, app done by Jonathan Barda, is published with 7  manuscripts:

CANCELLED for COVID-19 reasons: SNTS, Rome, 28-31 July 2020. Paper given online on the 14th of May, IGTNP seminar (see below)

10 June 2020 16h-17h – online event : Poster discussion room at SIB days 2020: Claire Clivaz, Vera Chiquet, Elisa Nury, Mina Monier and Sara Schulthess (DH+, SIB) with Jonathan Barda (Core-IT, SIB), Marta Błaszczyńska (IBL PAN) and Erzsébeth Tóth-Czifra (DARIAH-EU): “Open Science and Humanities Research Data Management”. Website:

CANCELLED for COVID-19 reasons: 26-27 May, Dublin University, Conference “Digital Sacred Texts: Materiality, Performance, Theory”: Mina Monier, «Typing Mark’s Ending-Electronic Transcription as an Interpretation of Complex Textual Evidence».

14 May 2020: IGNTP online seminar: Claire Clivaz: “Mark 16 and the codex k (Bobiensis): what are the mistakes at stake?”. The Latin codex k represents a very interesting case in the history of NT research: well known since scholarly memory began, it has never been really considered in the complex file of Mark 16 evidence, since it has mostly been considered as presenting mistakes or odd variants in Mark 16. Based on the latest editions of this codex and on images of the manuscript, this paper will present different reading options for this specific version of the last chapter of Mark, including what we should call a “k shorter ending”. Webpage:  Information: 

10 May 2020: four folios of GA 1230 in Mk 16 are online in the INTF, transcribed and encoded by Mina Monier. Read more here:

31 March 2020: the first eleven dataset of MARK16 are online in the SNSF p3 database, through the public open depository Nakala! Have a look at them and at their metadata:

19 February 2020: the webpage of the VRE MARK16 is open!

14-16 janvier 2020 – ENS, colloque «Humanités globales», Paris: Claire Clivaz, «Définir les Humanités par la recherche». De nombreux fonds institutionnels sont consacrés à des projets de recherche numériques, d’envergure européenne. Comment contribuent-ils à redéfinir le profil des Humanités ? L’exposé répondra à ces questions à partir de deux projets : HumaReC, MARK16, du Fonds National Suisse, sur des manuscrits du Nouveau Testament.

10 janvier 2020 – rencontre de l’AELAC, Bex: Claire Clivaz, “Du nouveau sur l’énigme de Mc 16. De l’importance de pouvoir consulter les manuscrits du Nouveau Testament en ligne”; Mina Monier, “The Arabic Diatessaron and Codex Bezae: The Case of Mark’s Long Ending.” Programme du colloque en ligne.

5 décembre 2019 – DARIAH DESIR Workshop #2, Neuchâtel: Mina Monier, “Revisiting Classic Textual Problems Using Digital Tools: The Case of Mark 16”. Org. du workshop: Sara Schulthess (SIB, Lausanne) et Simon Gabay (Université de Neuchâtel).

24 November 2019 – Annual SBL Meeting, San Diego, USA: Claire Clivaz, “Enlightening the Diversity of Scholarly Opinions on Multimodal Material : Mark 16 as Test-case”.

9 September 2019 – New Transcriptions of Mark 16 Available on NTVMR: The Team of the SNSF-funded MARK16 project is pleased to announce the new phase of cooperation with the esteemed NTVMR team on providing transcriptions of Mark 16. We have started our cooperation by providing the complete transcription of this chapter in two important manuscripts: GA 304 and GA 888 by Mina Monier. Read more here:

4 July 2019 – ISBL, Rome: Claire Clivaz, “The enigma of Mark16: The role of Contemplating Greek Manuscript Evidence Online.”

24 January 2019 – SIB seminars series, Lausanne: Claire Clivaz, «Mark 16, a presentation»

29-30 Novembre 2018 – DARIAH-CH workshop, Neuchâtel:  Claire Clivaz and Martial Sankar, «Mark 16 as a test-case for a new research model in digitized Humanities», poster

5-7 novembre 2018 – Conference PLURITEXT – “Textual plurality in the Bible”, Paris: Claire Clivaz, «Mk 16,8 and the manuscripts evidences : listen to the scribal voices»

15-17 octobre 2018 – Colloque DHNord 2018, Lille: Claire Clivaz, «Penser le lieu de l’écriture digitale»

4-6 October 2018 – Annual meeting of the Swiss Society of Theology, Zurich: Claire Clivaz, «Digital Humanities: towards religions outside the book(s)?»

2 octobre 2018 – Cours master en humanités numériques, IPT, PARIS: Claire Clivaz, «Découvrir les Digital Humanities»

Claire Clivaz

Claire Clivaz is Head of Digital Humanities+ at SIB, Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, Lausanne (CH). She is leading projects in DH and New Testament. This blog presents the activities of the group DH+.

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MARK16 is a SNSF PRIMA project on five years (2018-2023) that develops a new research model in digitized biblical sciences, based on a test case found in the New Testament: the last chapter of the Gospel according to Mark. The goal of the project is to produce new research results on a famous  test-case, Mk16, and to create a virtual research environment, that will be the outputs website for textual criticism and exegesis of Mark 16, comparing researchers’ hypotheses.  SNF website:


MARK16  is the first virtual research environment (VRE) focused on a biblical chapter and inaugurates a new research model for the digitized Humanities. The chosen topic is a famous enigma in New Testament studies: certain manuscripts evidences do not have an apparition of the resurrected Jesus at the end of the Gospel according to Mark, and at least six different endings of Mark can be found in the manuscripts. Presenting the research matter, this VRE will become the outputs place for textual criticism and exegesis of Mark 16, and will allow to visualize the “story of the winners and the loosers”, according to the French historian François Hartog’s expression. It will provide the basis to explore the PI hypothesis: the Gospel according to Mark had a previous ending, lost or destroyed, before the endings transmitted from the 4th century by the manuscripts evidences; the complexity of the textual variants illustrates the Ancient topos of people emotions in front of dead alive apparitions, and shows historically the tensions existing between Christian trends at the 1st century C.E. The outputs of the research team is available here ; news about the project here.

MARK16 VRE  is divided in four parts. The first one, the “Manuscript Room”, will welcome a selection of Greek and other languages manuscripts of particular importance or interest for Mark 16, , in collaboration with the NTVMR (Münster). The second part, “Interpretations”, gives voice to the scholars about their interpretations of Mark 16, through an innovative multimodal publishing format, the eTalk. The third part, “Material” provides references to the research material, including the open access material itself when available, from printed material to audio-visual and multimodal publications. The last part “Data Visualisation” will propose a geographical-time based representation of the manuscripts and research data, in collaboration with Pelagios. Thanks to our collaboration with Huma-Num, the open public depository Nakala allows us to give shape to our data with extended metadata information. Dataset are regularly published on the SNSF database p3.

A scientific board accompanies the project: Leif Isaksen (Exeter University, UK), Jennifer Knust (Duke University, USA), Valérie Nicolet (IPT, Paris), Laurent Romary (INRIA, Paris), Joseph Verheyden (Leuven Catholic University, BE) et Peter Williams (Tyndale House, UK). This project hopes to foster the digital turn of New Testament studies; it supports an academic reading of the Bible at a time in which the European research plays a crucial role in maintaining the social peace between religious communities.

Project team

Claire Clivaz – PI, Head of DH+

Mina Monier, Post-doc

Jonathan Barda, Software developer, Core-IT (SIB)

… and numerous collaboration and partnerships! We thank particularly Silvano Alda and Vassilios Ioannidis (Core-IT, SIB), as well as former collaborators employed in the project: Sara Schulthess, Research Scientist, and Jean-Bernard Dugied and Martial Sankar (software developers).

Claire Clivaz

Claire Clivaz is Head of Digital Humanities+ at SIB, Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, Lausanne (CH). She is leading projects in DH and New Testament. This blog presents the activities of the group DH+.

More Posts


See the SNSF database:; lectures: see the News page

Publications – Online communication – Media

1) Publications:

Clivaz, Claire. “Mk 16 im Codex Bobbiensis. Neue Materialien zur conclusio brevior des Markusevangeliums.” Zeitschrift für Neues Testament 47/24 (2021), forthcoming.

Clivaz, Claire and Allen, Garrick V. (eds.), Ancient Manuscripts and Virtual Research Environments, Classics@ 18 (2021), first part of the proceedings (8 articles) available on; the second part follows (9 articles); forthcoming.

Clivaz, Claire. “Looking at Scribal Practices in the Endings of Mark 16”, Henoch 42 (2020/2), special issue edited by P. Pouchelle and J.-S. Rey, p. 213-227; forthcoming.

Clivaz, Claire, Mina Monier and Jonathan Barda, “MARK16 as Virtual Research Environment. Challenges and Opportunities in New Testament Studies”. In “Ancient Manuscripts and Virtual Research Environments,” ed. Claire Clivaz and Garrick V. Allen, special issue, Classics@ 18. [N.p.]

Clivaz, Claire, and Garrick V. Allen. 2021. “Introduction.” In “Ancient Manuscripts and Virtual Research Environments,” ed. Claire Clivaz and Garrick V. Allen, special issue, Classics@ 18. [N.p.]

Claire Clivaz & Garrick Allen, “Conference report: Ancient Manuscripts and Virtual Research Environments. Lausanne 10-11 September 2020”, COMSt Bulletin 6/2, 2020, p. 205-208; 10.25592/uhhfdm.8477,

Clivaz, Claire, “Le Nouveau Testament numérique, un Novum Instrumentum omne ?”, Cahiers bibliques. Foi et Vie 123 (2020/5), p. 4-11;

Clivaz, Claire. “New Testament and Digital Humanities”, Verkündigung und Forschung 65 (2020/2), p. 98-104.

Clivaz, Claire. “Lire la Bible à l’ère du numérique: entre contraintes et nouveaux horizons.” Lumen Vitae LXXV (2020/2), p. 167-177.

Claire Clivaz. “Der Markusschluss : Narratologie und Traditiongeschichte, written by Andreas Seifert”, Novum Testamentum 62/1 (2019): 107-8.

Clivaz, Claire. “Returning to Mark 16,8: What’s New?” Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses 96/4 (2019), 645-659, en OA.

Monier, Mina. “GA 304, Theophylact’s Commentary and the Ending of Mark.” Filología Neotestamentaria 52 (2019): 94-106, en OA.

Clivaz, Claire. “The Impact of Digital Research: Thinking about the MARK16 Project.” Open Theology 5/1 (2019): 1-12, en OA.

2) Online communication:

Corina Combert-Galland, “Le Dieu du jeune homme nu. Lectures de l’Evangile de Marc. Relecture d’un parcours sémiotique”, eTalk, 17 January 2021.

Jonathan Barda (Core-IT, SIB) and Claire Clivaz (DH+, SIB): “The MARK16 Manuscript Room API”, IIIF Fall workshop December 2020, IIIF YouTube channel:

Kara J. Lyons-Pardue, “eTalk on Gospel Women and the Long Ending of Mark”, 10 Septembre 2020

Claire Clivaz, “Parcourir quelques manuscrits de Marc 16, dont le codex latin k”, eTalk, 27 janvier 2020

Mina Monier, “Mark 16 in the Arabic Diatessaron”, eTalk, 6 janvier 2020

Claire Clivaz, “Looking at some Mark 16 manuscripts, including Latin codex k”, eTalk, 20 novembre 2019

Mina Monier, “GA 304 and the Ending of the Gospel according to Mark”, 23 mai 2019

Claire Clivaz, “Marc 16 et les humanités numériques”, eTalk, 20 décembre 2018

Claire Clivaz, “MARK16 and Digital Humanities”, eTalk, 30 octobre 2018

3) Media

Luzerner Zeitung, “Ist Gott in der grossen Datenwolke zu finden? – Digital-Theologin Claire Clivaz”, 24 Décembre 2019

RTS, La 1ère, CQFD, “Rencontre avec Claire Clivaz une specialiste de la culture digitale et du Nouveau Testament”, 29 novembre 2019

Magazine FNS Horizon, “The digital theologian”, juin 2019

Journal Réformés, “L’ère digitale rend toute son oralité à la Bible”, août 2018



Claire Clivaz

Claire Clivaz is Head of Digital Humanities+ at SIB, Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, Lausanne (CH). She is leading projects in DH and New Testament. This blog presents the activities of the group DH+.

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